Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the glenohumeral joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Such joint replacement surgery generally is conducted to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical joint damage.
For many shoulder conditions involving the surrounding ligaments, muscles and tendons, such as a torn or diseased rotator cuff or a labral tear, a minimally invasive shoulder arthroscopy procedure are frequently recommended, and they are among the most common and frequently indicated shoulder procedures. Total shoulder replacement, however, requires open surgery, with an incision along the front of the shoulder and upper arm.
There are three types of shoulder replacement surgeries: